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Food Ingredient Quality Standards

We ban 100+ ingredients from all food that we sell, including hydrogenated fats, high-fructose corn syrup and artificial sweeteners.

image of bulk section

We believe that the best ingredients belong on your plate. That’s why we’ve banned hydrogenated fats, high-fructose corn syrup, artificial sweeteners like aspartame, sucralose and saccharin — along with more than 100 colors, preservatives, flavors and other ingredients from all of the food we sell in our stores. Seriously — from Berry Chantilly Cake in our bakery to the foods in our bulk bins, we want you to feel confident about what goes in your cart. If it doesn’t meet our standards, we won’t sell it.

Higher Food Ingredient Standards

From the first day we swung open our doors in September 1980, steadfast and selective have underpinned the attitude behind the standards of the products we sell — and love. When we review ingredients, we consider the interconnected effects of the way that food is processed and regulated by authorities in the U.S., EU, Canada and beyond. All of this happens before hitting our shelves and ultimately your plate.

The food industry evolves and changes rapidly, and we strive to respond by following emerging research and our customers’ expectations. Over the years, we’ve achieved some major milestones in what we restrict, including banning added MSG in 1992, hydrogenated oils in 2003 and high-fructose corn syrup in 2011.

Below are a few commonly used additives you won’t find in our stores.

Partially-Hydrogenated oils

Until recently, ingredients like margarine and shortening-baked goods (like pastries, pies, cookies and snack foods) often contained partially hydrogenated oils. These oils are chemically altered additives designed to improve texture and prolong shelf life — primarily in conventional processed foods. Studies have shown that the trans fats in partially hydrogenated oils raise LDL (bad) cholesterol levels, decrease HDL (good) cholesterol and increase the risk of heart disease. In 2015 the FDA released its final determination that partially hydrogenated oils are not “generally recognized as safe”. As of January 1, 2020, manufacturers cannot add PHOs to foods. That’s been our stance for more than 15 years.

FD&C Colors

The Food and Drug Administration breaks color additives into two distinct categories. Exempt colors — most of which we permit — include pigments from sources such as vegetables, minerals and animals. Think dehydrated beets and grape skin extract.

The other category, certified color additives, are synthetic colors like FD&C Yellow No. 6 — which we do not permit — are the additives widely used for intense, uniform color and flexibility in making a variety of hues. These synthetics must undergo batch certification, whereby FDA chemists test composition to ensure they do not contain impurities at levels that post a health concern. Color additives subject to certification are typically made from raw materials obtained from petroleum.


Shelf life — that’s the primary reason preservatives are added to foods. Canning, heating, pasteurizing, drying and pickling are all ways to preserve food. We also allow certain added preservatives like citric acid and cultured dextrose. Preservatives undergo consideration on a case-by-case basis, weighing the benefits and drawbacks.

For example, we allow sulfites in wines, where they may be present naturally in the grapes, or are added to ensure longevity in the bottle. We do not allow sulfites on dried fruits, where they're often used to prevent browning.


We have a long history of working to ban artificial sweeteners from food we sell in our stores. Aspartame, for one. When aspartame was approved by the FDA for food, we looked at technical information and considered our customers’ expectations. Based on that research, we added aspartame to our list of unacceptable ingredients for food, and have banned these other artificial sweeteners as well:

  • Acesulfame-K
  • Advantame
  • Aspartame
  • Aspartame-acesulfame salt
  • Cyclamates (not available at other grocery retailers in the U.S. since it is prohibited in U.S. by FDA)
  • Neohesperidine DC (not available at other grocery retailers in the U.S. since it is prohibited in U.S. by FDA)
  • Saccharin
  • Sucralose


A staple baking item that shouldn’t be overlooked, many all-purpose white flours are bleached with benzoyl peroxide or bromated with the addition of potassium bromate. These agents chemically age and strengthen gluten, and increase the rise and elasticity of dough. We don’t think it’s necessary, just a shortcut. Humans have been baking great things with unbromated flour for millennia. While a definitive finding on health risks is yet to be reached, bromate is currently banned in the EU and Canada, among other places.

Ingredients We Don’t Allow in Our Food

The list of no-gos. It can be a difficult process, and the answers are not always easy, but we know our food ingredient standards are part of how we’ve changed the way food is grown, raised, processed and experienced around the world.


2,4,5-trihydroxybutyrophenone (THBP)

dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate (DSS)

potassium alum


disodium 5'-ribonucleotides

potassium benzoate

acetoin (synthetic)

disodium calcium EDTA

potassium bisulfite (okay in wine, mead, cider)

acetone peroxides

disodium dihydrogen EDTA

potassium bromate

acetylated esters of mono- and diglycerides

disodium EDTA

potassium metabisulfite (okay in wine, mead, cider)

activated charcoal

disodium guanylate

potassium nitrate


disodium inosinate

potassium nitrite

aluminum ammonium sulfate

dodecyl gallate

potassium propionate

aluminum potassium sulfate


potassium sorbate

aluminum starch octenylsuccinate


propane-1,2-Diol esters of fatty acids

aluminum sulfate



ammonium alum

ethyl acrylate (synthetic)

propionic acid

ammonium chloride

ethyl vanillin (synthetic)

propyl gallate

ammonium saccharin

ethylene glycol

propylene glycol esters of fatty acids

ammonium sulfate

ethylene oxide

propylene oxide

apricot kernel/extract

eugenyl methyl ether (synthetic)


artificial sweeteners

FD&C Blue No. 1

pulegone (synthetic)


FD&C Blue No. 2

pyridine (synthetic)

azo dyes

FD&C Colors



FD&C Green No. 3

saccharin sodium salt

bacillus subtilis DE111

FD&C Red No. 3

salatrim (short and long chain acyl triglyceride molecule)

bacteriophage preparation

FD&C Red No. 40

shark cartilage


FD&C Yellow No. 5

smoke flavor (synthetic)


FD&C Yellow No. 6

sodium acid sulfate

benzoic acid

foie gras

sodium alum


gardenia blue

sodium aluminum phosphate

benzoyl peroxide


sodium aluminum sulfate

benzyl alcohol

gold/gold leaf

sodium benzoate



sodium bisulfite (okay in wine, mead, cider)

BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole)

hexa-, hepta- and octa-esters of sucrose

sodium cyclamate

BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene)

high-fructose corn syrup/HFCS

sodium diacetate

bleached flour


sodium lauryl sulfate

bromated flour

hydrogenated oils

sodium metabisulfite (okay in wine, mead, cider)

brominated vegetable oil

inosine monophosphate

sodium nitrate/nitrite (synthetic)

burnt alum

insect Flour

sodium propionate


iron oxide

sodium saccharin

caffeine (extended release)

kava/kava kava

sodium sorbate

calcium benzoate

lactic acid esters of monoglycerides

sodium stearoyl lactylate

calcium bromate

lactylated esters of mono- and diglycerides

sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate

calcium disodium EDTA

ma huang

sodium sulfite (okay in wine, mead, cider)

calcium peroxide

methyl silicon

sorbic acid

calcium propionate


stannous chloride

calcium saccharin

microparticularized whey protein derived fat substitute


calcium sorbate

monoammonium glutamate


calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate

monopotassium glutamate



monosodium glutamate

sucrose acetate isobutyrate


myrcene (synthetic)

sucrose ester


natamycin (okay in cheese-rind wax)

sucrose polyester



sulfites (okay in wine, mead, cider)

certified colors

nitrates (synthetic)

sulfur dioxide (okay in wine, mead, cider)

charcoal powder

nitrites (synthetic)

TBHQ (tertiary butylhydroquinone)

Citrus Red No. 2

octyl gallate

tetrasodium EDTA



thiodipropionic acid


Orange B


diacetyl (synthetic)

partially hydrogenated oils

tonka bean/extract

dimethyl Silicone

plant sterols

vanillin (synthetic)



Note to product suppliers: This list is intended for our shoppers; it’s not for use in formulating products. Creating a product with no unacceptable ingredients does not guarantee that we will sell it.

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