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Your Guide to Pears: Bartlett, Bosc and More

Find recipes for peak-season pears, plus how to spot a ripe one.

Different types of pears in wooden bowls

At their best, pears are super sweet, juicy and perfectly tender. (In the case of Asian pears — they’re amazingly crisp.) Fall’s and winter’s peak-season pears are delicate and grown in exacting conditions, mostly in California and the Pacific Northwest. Pears are harvested from their trees when they’re mature, but they still take some time to ripen after they’re picked.

How to Pick a Perfectly Ripe Pear

Since pears don’t always change color as they ripen, a good rule of thumb to follow is to check out the neck of the pear, near the stem. If the neck is tender, it’s likely ripe and ready to eat. If the neck is firm, let it ripen at room temperature for a few days on your kitchen counter.

Our Favorite Pear Varieties

Here are some varieties of pears that you’ll find in our stores:


Sweet, juicy and aromatic, with great flavor and a soft, slightly coarse texture when ripe. Varieties are green and red. Green varieties will turn slightly yellow as they ripen. Great for canning, dicing into grain salads and snacking.


These firm pears will store well and will hold their shape in recipes. The color of this pear won’t change as it ripens, but it will soften from the stem-side down. Try roasting them, slicing them into green salads and topping oatmeal.


A standout in shape, color and texture. Greenish-yellow with a hint of light brown, these pears are firm, honey-sweet and slightly dense. They’re great for baking in crisps, pies and tarts — a favorite for poaching.


Known for its mellow sweetness and uniquely smooth, buttery texture. They resemble Bartlett pears, but you’ll sometimes spot them with a blush-red patch. Keep these on hand for amazing cheese plates.


Small, ultra-sweet and crunchy, these little pears have a pretty olive-green color and are known for their small size. They’re perfect as a small snack or for baking.


These yellow-green to speckled pale-yellow pears are one of the oldest cultivated tree fruits and are really a bridge between apples and pears. They’re a great combination of the juiciness of pears with the crisp crunchiness of apples and make perfect snacks as they are.

Pear Usage Tips

Store ripe pears in the refrigerator to slow ripening and remember to sprinkle some lemon juice on your pears after you cut them — this enhances the flavor and helps prevent the fruit from turning brown. Want to try enjoying pears in new ways? Try Quinoa with Watercress, Pears and Pomegranate, batch-roasting pears for Cinnamon-Roasted Pear Smoothies or Roasted Pork Loin and Pears, or try baking them into a Pear Bundt Cake.

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